The UN Sustainable Development Goals; using WHO ‘Health Promoting Schools’ to create change.

Andrew John Macnab, Ronald Mukisa


Not required for photo essay

Full Text:


References (Accessed September 10 2016)

World Health Organization (2013). What is a health promoting school? (Accessed September 10 2016)

West P, Sweeting P, Leyland A. School effects on pupil’s health behaviours: evidence in support of health promoting school. Research Papers in Education. 2004; 19(30): 261-292.

Tang K, Nutbeam D, Aldinger C et al. Schools for health, education and development: a call for action. Health Promotion International. 2008; 24(1):68-77.

Viner RM, Ozer EM, Denny S et al. Adolescence and the social determinants of health. The Lancet. 2012; 379(9826):1641-52.

Kwan SYL, Petersen PE, Pine CM, Orutta A. Health-promoting schools: an opportunity for oral health promotion. Bulletin World Health Organization 2005; 83(10):1590/S0042-96862005000900013

Migele J, Ombeki S, Ayalo M, Biggerstaff M. Diarrhea prevention in Kenyan school through the use of simple safe water and hygiene intervention. American Journal of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. 2007; 76: 351-353.

Macnab AJ. Mukisa R, Mutabazi S, Steed R. Malaria in Uganda: school-based rapid diagnostic testing and treatment. Int J Epidemiology 2016; doi: 10.1093/ije/dyw262

Mukisa R, Macnab AJ, Mutabazi S, Steed R. Teachers as agents of change: school-based diagnosis of malaria positively impacts child morbidity. Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health. 2017; 93-102.

Kirby D, Obasi A, Laris B. The effectiveness of sex education and HIV education interventions in schools in developing countries. WHO Technical Report Series. 2006: 938:103-150.

Paul-Ebhohimhen VA, Poobalan A, van Teijlingen ER. A systematic review of school-based sexual health interventions to prevent STI/HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. BMC Public Health 2008; 8(4) doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-4

Miguel E, Kremer M. Worms: identifying impacts on education and health in the presence of treatment externalities. Econometrica. 2004; 72(1): 159-217.

Royal Horticultural Society. Food growing in schools taskforce report. 2012 pp. 1-66.

Armstrong D. A survey of community gardens in upstate New York: Implications for health promotion and community development. Health and Place. 2000; 6:319-327.

Macnab AJ, Kasangaki A. ‘Many voices, one song’: a model for an oral health programme as a first step in establishing a health promoting school. Health Promotion International. 2012; 27(1): 63-73, doi: 10.1093/heapro/dar039

Bundy DA, Shaeffer S, Jukes M. et al. School-based health and nutrition programs. In: Jamison DT, Breman JG, Measham AR, et al. Editors. Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. The World Bank, Washington, DC, 2nd edition. 2006; pp 1091-1108.

Hotz C, Loechl C, de Brauw A et al. A large-scale intervention to introduce orange sweet potato in rural Mozambique increases vitamin A intakes among children and women. British Journal of Nutrition. 2012; 108(01): 163-76.

WHO. Global Prevalence of Vitamin A Deficiency in Populations at Risk 1995-2005. WHO Global Database on Vitamin A deficiency. Geneva: World Health Organization. 2009

WHO. Vitamin A deficiency | Micronutrient deficiencies (Accessed March 20 2017)

Low JW, Arimond M, Osman N, Cunguara B, Zano F, Tschirley D. A food-based approach introducing orange-fleshed sweet potatoes increased vitamin A intake and serum retinol concentrations in young children in rural Mozambique. The Journal of Nutrition. 2007; 137(5): 1320-7.

Knai C, Pomerleau J, Lock K, McKee M. Getting children to eat more fruit and vegetables: a systematic review. Preventive Medicine, 2006; 42(2): 85-95.

Pérez-Rodrigo C, Aranceta J. School-based nutrition education: lessons learned and new perspectives. Public Health Nutrition. 2001; 4(1a): 131-9.

Macnab AJ, Gagnon F, Stewart, D. Health Promoting Schools: Consensus, challenges and potential. Health Education. 2014; 114(3):170-185.

Commission on Social Determinants of Health. Closing the gap in a generation: health equity through action on the social determinants of health: final report of the commission on social determinants of health. World Health Organization, Geneva. 2008.

Marmot M, Friel S, Bell R, Houweling TA, Taylor S, and Commission on Social Determinants of Health. Closing the gap in a generation: health equity through action on the social determinants of health. The Lancet. 2008; 372(9650): 1661-1669.


  • There are currently no refbacks.