Publication Ethics & Malpractice Statement
Publication ethics and malpractice statement of Global Health Management Journal is mainly based on the Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (Committee on Publication Ethics, 2011). We adopt authorship policy as recommended by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE, 2018).
ROLES OF EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
The Editor-in-chief of Global Health Management Journal assures the publication follows the nature and scope of the journal. He leads the editor selection and peer-review process and reserves the right to make the final decision on whether to accept or reject a peer reviewer’s assessment. Editor-in-Chief and Managing Editor (in conjunction with the publisher and/or society) will take responsive measures when ethical concerns and conflict of interest policies are raised regarding to the submitted manuscript or the published paper, and to resolve questions of ethics in publishing in the journals and avoid ethical violations and plagiarism. The Editor-in-chief initiates and attends an annual discussion related to the directions and recommendations of the journal, ideas for improvement, and innovations.
ROLES OF MANAGING EDITORS
The Managing Editors are the front line supervisor who oversees the entire day-to-day operations of Global Health Management Journal, and report to the Editor-in-Chief, including the review, editing and publishing process. The editors ensure the submitted papers meet the standard publication of journal including plagiarism, ethical approval, conflict of interest, and the writing guidelines. The editors monitor progress of the publication to meet the criteria of indexing and impact factors. The Managing Editor also creates the journal issues, schedules submission for publication, arranges the Table of Contents, and publishes the issue as part of the publishing process. The Managing Editor can restore archived submissions to the active In Review or In Editing lists. The vital duties include the efforts to increase citation indices and expand the range and recognition of articles published in the journal.
ROLES OF SENIOR ADVISORY BOARDS
The Senior Advisory Boards provide nonbinding strategic advice and support in developing the journal. The boards are involved to a discussion major significance issues, and encourage and support the exploration of new ideas.
ROLES OF SECTION EDITORS
The Section Editors actively promote journal to the authors, editors, reviewers, scientists, and other relevant community. The editors decide if the submitted manuscript is suitable for peer review, nominate two appropriate peer reviewers, and be assigned as reviewer. In some cases, the Section Editors are also be responsible for seeing the submissions that are accepted through the Editing process (that is, through copyediting, layout editing, and proofreading). Often, however, Section Editors only work with the review process, and Managing Editor, acting in the role of Section Editor, oversees the submissions through the Editing process. The Section Editors are invited to contribute idea and perspective to the Editorial for the journal. All Section Editors act as ambassadors for the journal and assist the in-house editorial team in an advisory capacity as and when required.
All EDITORIAL BOARD MEMBERS’ RESPONSIBILITIES
Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. All editorial board members must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate. Editors should protect reviewers’ identities. However, if reviewers wish to disclose their names, this should be permitted.
Disclosure and conflicts of interest
Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantages or their own research purposes without the authors’ explicit written consent. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the papers. If exist, the conflict of interest should be declared in the online review form, in order the paper be assigned to another editor.
EDITORIAL BOARD MEMBERS’ RESPONSIBILITIES
The Editorial Board Members will be involved in a peer-review process, selected on the basis of their area of expertise and interests. Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be disclosed to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.
Contribution to editorial decisions
The peer-reviewing process assists the editor and the editorial board in making editorial decisions and may also serve the author in improving the paper.
Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should immediately notify the editors and decline the invitation to review so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.
Standards of objectivity
Reviews should be conducted objectively and observations formulated clearly with supporting arguments so that authors can use them for improving the manuscript. Personal criticism of the authors is inappropriate.
Acknowledgement of sources
Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that is an observation, derivation or argument that has been reported in previous publications should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also notify the editors of any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other manuscript (published or unpublished) of which they have personal knowledge.
Disclosure and conflict of interest
Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the papers.
Originality, plagiarism and acknowledgement of sources
Authors will submit only entirely original works, and will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or words of others. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work should also be cited.
Authors of original research reports should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. The authors are required to sign the Copyright Transfer Agreement Form to allow the publisher in increasing the citation indices and expanding the range and recognition of articles published in the journal.
Data access and retention
Authors may be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the manuscript for editorial review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available if practicable. In any event, authors should ensure accessibility of such data to other competent professionals for at least 10 years after publication (preferably via an institutional or subject-based data repository or other data centre), provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and legal rights concerning proprietary data do not preclude their release.
Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication
In general, papers describing essentially the same research should not be published in more than one journal or primary publication. Hence, authors should not submit for consideration a manuscript that has already been published in another journal. Submission of a manuscript concurrently to more than one journal is unethical publishing behaviour and unacceptable. The publication of some kinds of articles (such as clinical guidelines, translations) in more than one journal is sometimes justifiable, provided that certain conditions are met. The authors and editors of the journals concerned must agree to the secondary publication, which must reflect the same data and interpretation of the primary document. The primary reference must be cited in the secondary publication.
Authorship of the manuscript
GLOBAL HEALTH MANAGEMENT JOURNAL (GHMJ) adopts authorship policy as recommended by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE, 2018): (1) Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data for the work, (2) Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content, (3) Final approval of the version to be published, and (4) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. All persons who made substantial contributions to the work reported in the manuscript (such as technical help, writing and editing assistance, general support) but who do not meet the criteria for authorship must not be listed as an author, but should be acknowledged in the "Acknowledgements" section after their written permission to be named as been obtained. Click here to learn more about the Authorship in this journal.
Disclosure and conflicts of interest
All authors should include a statement disclosing any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed. Each author must declare their potential conflict of interest as a result of financial relationships (such as employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, patents, and paid expert testimony) by signing author’s Conflict of Interests Declaration.
Fundamental errors in published works
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and to cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper in form of an erratum.
Hazards and human or animal subjects
If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the authors must clearly identify these in the manuscript. If the work involves the use of animals or human participants, the authors should ensure that all procedures were performed in compliance with relevant laws and institutional guidelines and that the appropriate institutional committee(s) has approved them; the manuscript should contain a statement to this effect. Authors should also include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human participants. The privacy rights of human participants must always be observed.
Authors are obliged to participate in the peer review process and cooperate fully by responding promptly to editors’ requests for raw data, clarifications, and proof of ethics approval, patient consents and copyright permissions. In the case of a first decision of "revisions required", authors should respond to the reviewers’ comments systematically, point by point, and in a timely manner, revising and re-submitting their manuscript to the journal by the deadline given.
DUTIES OF THE PUBLISHER
Handling of unethical publishing behaviour
In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism, the publisher, in close collaboration with the editors, will take all appropriate measures to clarify the situation and to amend the article in question. This includes the prompt publication of an erratum, clarification or, in the most severe case, the retraction of the affected work. The publisher, together with the editors, shall take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, and under no circumstances encourage such misconduct or knowingly allow such misconduct to take place.
Access to journal content
The publisher is committed to the permanent availability and preservation of scholarly research and ensures accessibility by partnering with organizations and maintaining our own digital archive.
ROLES OF JOURNAL MANAGER
The Journal Manager keeps an eye on the submission's progress and assists with any difficulties. He is responsible for all production-related matters and ensures articles are typeset, corrected, and published in a timely fashion, as well as provides the readers, authors, and reviewers, with support throughout the production process. The Journal Manager also enrolls the Editors, Managing Editors, Copyeditors, Layout Editors, Proofreaders, Authors, and Reviewers. He also has access to the journal's other management features, and can create new sections for the journal, set up review forms, edit the default emails, manage the reading tools, view statistics and reports. On behalf of Editor-In-Chief, the Journal Manager administers documents and communications to authors and reviewers.
Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). (2011, March 7). Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors. Retrieved from http://publicationethics.org/files/Code_of_conduct_for_journal_editors_Mar11.pdf.
The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (IJME). (2018, December). Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals. Retrieved from http://www.icmje.org/icmje-recommendations.pdf.