• Stella Maris Bakara Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
  • Sandra Fikawati Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia


Exclusive Breastfeeding, Perception of Insufficient Milk, Early Breastfeeding


Background: Exclusive breastfeeding is breast milk given to infant since their birth to the age of 6 (six) months, without adding and/or replacing with other foods or beverages (except medicines, vitamins, and minerals). One of the factors that affect the exclusive breastfeeding was the perceptions of insufficient milk. Milk insufficiency is considered to happen when the mother stops breastfeeding exclusively with some reasons such as no breast milk, low milk supply, or insufficient milk. This research was to examine more deeply the perception of insufficient milk and factor influencing it.

Methods: This was a qualitative study that used a primary data of study "Intervention of Breastfeeding Enhancement and Weaning Food in the Implementation of the First-1000-Days-of-Life Program". Informants selected through who has been intervened research by PKGK. Triangulation of data sources was a midwife, informants’ husbands, documents of mother and child health books (MCH) and secondary data from PKGK research.

Results: Based on the result from the interview: a) there was found a tendency of knowledge increase on mothers receiving treatment. b) Mostly, the lactation guidance was given without supporting device. c) Mother perception about their will gained weight if giving the sufficient milk has not been in line with Body Mass Index (BMI) before pregnancy. d). Family support towards mothers breastfeeding has not been provided optimally. e) Early breast-feeding (EBF) was not complete in accordance with the

Conclusions: Mothers who had not received treatment were having lack of knowledge on exclusive breastfeeding. Implementation of EBF was not in line with the procedure. The role of a delivery helper on EBF is vital in order to make the implementation of the EBF carried out according to the procedure.



Pusdatin Kemenkes RI. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Jakarta: Pusdatin; 2014.

Pemerintahan RI. Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 33 Tahun 2102 tentang Pemberian Air Susu Ibu Eksklusif. 2012,

PP 33 Tahun 2012 2012.

Fikawati S, Syafiq A, Karima K. Gizi Ibu dan Bayi. I. Depok: RajaGrafindo Persada; 2015.

WHO/UNICEF. Global nutrition targets 2025: breastfeeding policy brief. Geneva: World Health Organization. 2014.

Kementerian Kesehatan. Profil kesehatan Indonesia 2016 (Health profile in Indonesia 2016). Jakarta: Kementerian

Kesehatan RI. 2017.

Dinas Kesehatan. Profil Kesehatan Kota Depok 2016 (Health profile in Depok City 2016). Depok: Dinas Kesehatan Kota Depok.

Fikawati S, Syafiq A. Penyebab Keberhasilan dan Kegagalan Praktik Pemberian ASI Eksklusif. 2013;

Fikawati S, Syafiq A. Status Gizi Ibu dan Persepsi Ketidakcukupan Air Susu Ibu Maternal Nutritional Status and Breast Milk

Insufficiency Perception. 2012;(450):249–54.

Gatti L. Maternal Perceptions of Insufficient Milk Supply in Breastfeeding. J od Nurs Scholarsh. 2008;

Martha E, Kresno S. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif Untuk Bidang Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers; 2016.

Worthington-Roberts B., S.R W. Nutririon Throughout the Life Cycle Fourth Edition. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Singapore; 2000.

Zakiyah. Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Pemberian ASI Eksklusif di Kelurahan Semanan Kecamatan Kalideres Jakarta

Barat. Universitas Indonesia; 2012.

Fikawati S, Syafiq A. Penyebab Keberhasilan Dan Kegagalan Praktik Pemberian ASI Eksklusif. J Kesehat Masy. 2009;4.

Trisnawati I. Hubungan Status Gizi Ibu Selama Hamil dengan Persepsi Kemampuan Laktasi (PKL) di Wilayah Puskesmas PONED

Karawang Tahun 2010. Universitas Indonesia; 2010.

Friedman MR, Bowden VR, Jones E. Family Nursing Research, Theory and Practice. New Jersey: Prentice Hall; 2003.

Huang YY, Lee JT, Huang CM, Gau ML. Factors related to maternal perception of milk supply while in the hospital. J Nurs Res.


Aisyah D. Faktor - Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Kegagalan Pemberian Air Susu Ibu (ASI) Pada Ibu Bekerja (Studilitatif) di Tempat

Penitipan Anak (TPA) Dian Dharma Putra Provinsi Jawa Tengah Tahun 2009 [Tesis]. Univeristas Diponegoro; 2009.

Kementerian Kesehatan. Pedoman Pekan Asi Sedunia (PAS). Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan; 2010.



How to Cite

Bakara, S. M. ., & Fikawati, S. . (2018). PERCEIVED INSUFFICIENT MILK (PIM) AMONG MOTHERS OF 0-6 MONTHS INFANTS IN CIPAYUNG HEALTH CENTRE, DEPOK INDONESIA: A QUALITATIVE STUDY. Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health, (3), 143–148. Retrieved from