• Aulia Rahman Tanjung Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
  • Ella Nurlaella Hadi Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia


Perception, teenager, breast self-examination


Background: In Indonesia, breast cancer takes second place after cervical cancer with estimated 61,682 cases. According to International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) data in 2012, breast cancer was found to be the highest percentage of new cases, amounting approximately 43.3% and the death percentage caused by breast cancer reached 12.9%. Based on Basic Health Research data of 2013, the prevalence of breast cancer in Indonesia reaches 0.5 per 1,000 women. The objective of this research was to find out about teenage female students’ perception about early detection of breast cancer with SADARI method (Breast Self-Examination).

Methods: This research employed qualitative research method with the phenomenological approach by using.

Results: Based on the research results, there were different perceptions on the importance of conducting SADARI for teens. There were some obstacles to do SADARI such as feeling embarrassed, not having enough time to do SADARI, being forgetful, lacking information about SADARI and lacking support from family and closest people around them.

Conclusions: Teenager perceptions about SADARI affect behavior to do breast self-examination. The solution to overcoming those obstacles included collecting information about early detection of breast cancer using SADARI method, learning about it, and visiting the nearest health facility to do SADARI. In addition, there must be external support from family or other closest relatives.



Desanti, Ophi Indria. 2010. “Persepsi Wanita Berisiko Kanker Payudara Tentang Pemeriksaan Payudara Sendiri Di Kota Semarang, Jawa Tengah.( Perception of Women at Breast Cancer Risk About Breast Self-Examination In Semarang City, Central Java) ” Vol.26/No.3. hlm. 152-161. Semarang: FK Universitas Islam Sultan Agung.

International Union against Cancer (UICC). 2009. Jika Tidak Di kendalikan 26 Juta Orang Di Dunia Menderita Kanker (If Not In Control 26 Million People In The World Suffer From Cancer). Accessed from: http://www.infopenyakit.org/def_menu.asp?menuID=32&menuType=1&SubID=1&DetId=587 (accessed May 3rd, 2018)

Indonesia Health Ministry. 2015. Data dan Informasi Situasi Penyakit Kanker (Data and Information on the Situation of Cancer). Jakarta : Kemenkes RI.

Indonesia Health Ministry. 2016. Pusat Data dan Informasi. Oktober 2016 Bulan Peduli Kanker Payudara (Data and information Center. October 2016 Month Concerned About Breast Cancer). Accessed from: http://www.depkes.go.id/resources/download/pusdatin/infodatin/InfoDatin%20Bulan%20Peduli%20Kanker%20Payudara_2016.pdf . (accessed May 3rd, 2018)

Indonesia Health Ministry. Panduan Penatalaksaan Kanker Payudara (Breast Cancer Management Guide). Accessed from: http://kanker.kemkes.go.id/guidelines/PPKPayudara.pdf. (accessed May 1st, 2018)

Pileverzadeh, M. 2016. Women’s Perspective Of Breast Self-examination. Literature Of Nursing Education. Vol. 12 No 3.

Rachael Rettner. 2015. Breast Cancer: Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention. Accessed from: https://www.livescience.com/34706-

breast-cancer-symptoms-treatment-prevention.html. (accessed May 2nd, 2018)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Breast Cancer in Young Women. Accessed from:

https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/breast/pdf/breastcancer_youngwomen_factsheet.pdf (accessed Jule 11th, 2018)

Saryono, Roischa Dyah Pramitasari. 2009. Perawatan Payudara (Breast Care). Second edition. Yogyakarta: Mitra Cedikia Press

Smar Patien. 2017. Breast Cancer/Indonesian. Accessed from:


Indonesian.pdf?ext=.pdf. (accessed May 2nd, 2018)

Sugiyono. 2013. Metode Penelitian Kualitatif (Qualitative Research Methods). Accessed from:

http://rayendar.blogspot.com/2015/06/metode-penelitian-menurut-sugiyono-2013.html (accessed Jule 12th, 2018)

Sihombing M, Sapardin AN. 2014. Jurnal Kesehatan Reproduksi. Faktor Resiko Tumor Payudara Pada Perempuan Umur 25-65 Tahun Di Lima Kelurahan Kecamatan Bogor Tengah (Journal of Reproductive Health. Risk Factors of Breast Tumors In Women

Age 25-65 Years In Five Sub-districts of Bogor Tengah District). Accessed from:

http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/kespro/article/download/3895/3740 (accessed May 15th, 2018)

Sarlito Wirawan Sarwono. 2012. Psikologi Remaja Jakarta (Adolescent Psychology Jakarta). PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Riski Aulia. 2013. Hubungan Persepsi Ibu Usia 20-40 Tahun Tentang Kanker Payudaradengan Prilaku Pemeriksaan Payudara

Sendiri (SADARI) di Serangan RW 02 Notoprajan Ngampilan Yogyakarta (Relationship Perception of Women Age 20-40 Years About Breast Cancer With Breast Self-Check Behavior (SADARI) in RW 02 Attack Notoprajan Ngampilan Yogyakarta). Accessed from http://digilib.unisayogya.ac.id/1387/1/NASKAH%20PUBLIKASI%20RIZKI.pdf (accessed Jule 12th, 2018)

Alfiksa, Annisa Eka, Hikmah. 2012. Pengaruh Penyuluhan Tentang Pemeriksaan Payudara Sendiri (SADARI) Terhadap sikap Remaja Putri Di SMA Islam 1 Gamping Yogyakarta (The Effect of Counseling About Breast Self-Examination (SADARI) On Young Women Attitude In Islamic High School 1 Gamping Yogyakarta). Accessed from http://digilib.unisayogya.ac.id/1474/1/NASKAH%20PUBLIKASI_ANNISA%20EKA%20NUR%20ALFIKA.pdf (accessed Jule 12th, 2018)

Rizka Angrainy. 2016. Journal Endurance. Hubungan pengetahuan, sikap tentang SADARI dalam mendeteksi dini kanker Payudara pada remaja (Knowledge relationships, attitudes about breast self-examination in early detection of breast cancer in adolescents). Accessed from : https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318399988_HUBUNGAN_PENGETAHUAN_SIKAP_TENTANG_SADARI_DALAM_ MENDETEKSI_DINI_KANKER_PAYUDARA_PADA_REMAJA. (accessed Jule 12th, 2018)



How to Cite

Tanjung, A. R., & Hadi, E. N. (2018). FEMALE STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION ON BREAST CANCER DETECTION USING BREAST SELF-EXAMINANTION (SADARI) METHOD. Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health, (3), 369–373. Retrieved from https://publications.inschool.id/index.php/icash/article/view/798




Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.