PREVALENCE OF INTESTINAL PARASITE AND RELATED FACTORS AMONG SCHOOL CHILDREN IN SUAN PHUENG SUBDISTRICT, RATCHABURI, THAILAND

Authors

  • Pyae Phyo Kyaw Department of Tropical Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University
  • Chirawat Paratthakonkun College of Sports Science and Technology, Mahidol University
  • Rapeeporn Yaicharoen Department of Community Medical Technology, Faculty of Medical Technology, Mahidol University
  • Ngamphol Soonthornworasiri Department of Tropical Hygiene, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University
  • Pattaneeya Prangthip Department of Tropical Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University
  • Pannamas Maneekan Department of Tropical Hygiene, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University
  • Aung Phone Zaw Department of Tropical Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University
  • Sai Wai Yan Myint Thu Department of Tropical Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University
  • Dumrongkiet Arthan Department of Tropical Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University
  • Reongwit Nilkote Department of Community Medical Technology, Faculty of Medical Technology, Mahidol University

Keywords:

School children, Intestinal parasites, Prevalence, Risk factors, Health education

Abstract

Background: Intestinal parasitic infections are still regarded as the major public health problems in Thailand, especially in rural areas. The presence of intestinal parasites in school children is a wellaccepted indicator of poor personal hygiene and low economic standards. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections and its associated risk factors among primary school children (Grade 4 to 6) in Suan Phueng sub-district, Ratchaburi, Thailand, where is located at
Thai-Myanmar border areas.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at three selected governmental primary schools. A total of 252 school children (130 boys, 51.6% and 122 girls, 48.4%) were recruited in this study. Intestinal parasites were detected from their stool samples by using formalin ethyl-acetate concentration technique. Socio-demographic status and personal hygiene were assessed by a validated structured questionnaire.

Results: An overall prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection was 19%. Poly-parasitism was found in 4% of school children. The most common parasite was Entamoeba coli (6.4%) followed by Ascaris lumbricoides (4.5%), Endolimax nana cyst (4.0%), and Giadia lumbria (1.8%). Additionally, family income, drinking water sources from school and home, hand-washing habit after using toilet, anal cleansing after defecation, and parents’ education level were significantly associated with intestinal parasitic infections. 

Conclusions: High prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections was found in primary school children at Suan Phueng sub-district, Ratchaburi, Thailand. Therefore, health promotion, modern health education, water sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) programs are crucial for prevention of intestinal parasitic infections in primary schools, particularly in Thai-Myanmar border areas. Reducing the
prevalence of parasitic infections in school children may be of immense benefits on child growth, development, and educational  outcomes.

 

Author Biography

Reongwit Nilkote, Department of Community Medical Technology, Faculty of Medical Technology, Mahidol University

Opara KN, Udoidung NI, Opara DC, Okon OE, Edosomwan EU, Udoh AJ. The Impact of Intestinal Parasitic Infections on the Nutritional Status of Rural and Urban School-Aged Children in Nigeria. International journal of MCH and AIDS. 2012;1(1):73-82.

Wongsaroj T, Nithikathkul C, Rojkitikul W, Nakai W, Royal L, Rammasut P. National survey of helminthiasis in Thailand2014. 779- 83 p.

Albonico M, Allen H, Chitsulo L, Engels D, Gabrielli A-F, Savioli L. Controlling Soil-Transmitted Helminthiasis in Pre-School-Age Children through Preventive Chemotherapy. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 2008;2(3):e126.

Mascarini-Serra L. Prevention of Soil-transmitted Helminth Infection. Journal of Global Infectious Diseases. 2011;3(2):175-82.

Abossie A, Seid M. Assessment of the prevalence of intestinal parasitosis and associated risk factors among primary school children in Chencha town, Southern Ethiopia2014. 166 p.

Abdi M, Nibret E, Munshea A. Prevalence of intestinal helminthic infections and malnutrition among schoolchildren of the Zegie

Peninsula, northwestern Ethiopia. Journal of Infection and Public Health. 2017;10(1):84-92.

Saksirisampant W, Prownebon J, Kulkumthorn M, Yenthakam S, Janpla S, Nuchprayoon S. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among school children in the central region of Thailand. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet. 2006;89(11):1928-33.

Polseela R, Vitta A. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among schoolchildren in Phitsanulok Province, Northern Thailand. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease. 2015;5(7):539-42.

Warunee N, Choomanee L, Sataporn P, Rapeeporn Y, Nuttapong W, Sompong S, et al. Intestinal parasitic infections among school children in Thailand. Tropical biomedicine. 2007;24(2):83-8.

Piangjai S, Sukontason K, Sukontason KL. Intestinal parasitic infections in hill-tribe schoolchildren in Chiang Mai, northern Thailand. The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health. 2003;34 Suppl 2:90-3.

Doi R, Itoh M, Chakhatrakan S, Uga S. Epidemiological Investigation of Parasitic Infection of Schoolchildren from Six Elementary Schools in Sakon Nakhon Province, Thailand. The Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences. 2016;62(5):E120-E8.

Ribas A, Jollivet C, Morand S, Thongmalayvong B, Somphavong S, Siew C-C, et al. Intestinal Parasitic Infections and Environmental Water Contamination in a Rural Village of Northern Lao PDR. The Korean Journal of Parasitology. 2017;55(5):523-32.

Apidechkul T. Prevalence and risk factors of intestinal parasitic infections among hill tribe schoolchildren, Northern Thailand. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease. 2015;5(9):695-9.

Sanprasert V, Srichaipon N, Bunkasem U, Srirungruang S, Nuchprayoon S. Prevalence of intestinal protozoan infections among children in thailand: a large-scale screening and comparative study of three standard detection methods. The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health. 2016;47(6):1123-33.

Quihui L, Valencia ME, Crompton DWT, Phillips S, Hagan P, Morales G, et al. Role of the employment status and education of mothers in the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in Mexican rural schoolchildren. BMC Public Health. 2006;6:225-.

Nguyen NL, Gelaye B, Aboset N, Kumie A, Williams MA, Berhane Y. Intestinal parasitic infection and nutritional status among school children in Angolela, Ethiopia. Journal of preventive medicine and hygiene. 2012;53(3):157-64.

References

Opara KN, Udoidung NI, Opara DC, Okon OE, Edosomwan EU, Udoh AJ. The Impact of Intestinal Parasitic Infections on the Nutritional Status of Rural and Urban School-Aged Children in Nigeria. International journal of MCH and AIDS. 2012;1(1):73-82.

Wongsaroj T, Nithikathkul C, Rojkitikul W, Nakai W, Royal L, Rammasut P. National survey of helminthiasis in Thailand2014. 779- 83 p.

Albonico M, Allen H, Chitsulo L, Engels D, Gabrielli A-F, Savioli L. Controlling Soil-Transmitted Helminthiasis in Pre-School-Age Children through Preventive Chemotherapy. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 2008;2(3):e126.

Mascarini-Serra L. Prevention of Soil-transmitted Helminth Infection. Journal of Global Infectious Diseases. 2011;3(2):175-82.

Abossie A, Seid M. Assessment of the prevalence of intestinal parasitosis and associated risk factors among primary school children in Chencha town, Southern Ethiopia2014. 166 p.

Abdi M, Nibret E, Munshea A. Prevalence of intestinal helminthic infections and malnutrition among schoolchildren of the Zegie

Peninsula, northwestern Ethiopia. Journal of Infection and Public Health. 2017;10(1):84-92.

Saksirisampant W, Prownebon J, Kulkumthorn M, Yenthakam S, Janpla S, Nuchprayoon S. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among school children in the central region of Thailand. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet. 2006;89(11):1928-33.

Polseela R, Vitta A. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among schoolchildren in Phitsanulok Province, Northern Thailand. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease. 2015;5(7):539-42.

Warunee N, Choomanee L, Sataporn P, Rapeeporn Y, Nuttapong W, Sompong S, et al. Intestinal parasitic infections among school children in Thailand. Tropical biomedicine. 2007;24(2):83-8.

Piangjai S, Sukontason K, Sukontason KL. Intestinal parasitic infections in hill-tribe schoolchildren in Chiang Mai, northern Thailand. The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health. 2003;34 Suppl 2:90-3.

Doi R, Itoh M, Chakhatrakan S, Uga S. Epidemiological Investigation of Parasitic Infection of Schoolchildren from Six Elementary Schools in Sakon Nakhon Province, Thailand. The Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences. 2016;62(5):E120-E8.

Ribas A, Jollivet C, Morand S, Thongmalayvong B, Somphavong S, Siew C-C, et al. Intestinal Parasitic Infections and Environmental Water Contamination in a Rural Village of Northern Lao PDR. The Korean Journal of Parasitology. 2017;55(5):523-32.

Apidechkul T. Prevalence and risk factors of intestinal parasitic infections among hill tribe schoolchildren, Northern Thailand. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease. 2015;5(9):695-9.

Sanprasert V, Srichaipon N, Bunkasem U, Srirungruang S, Nuchprayoon S. Prevalence of intestinal protozoan infections among children in thailand: a large-scale screening and comparative study of three standard detection methods. The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health. 2016;47(6):1123-33.

Quihui L, Valencia ME, Crompton DWT, Phillips S, Hagan P, Morales G, et al. Role of the employment status and education of mothers in the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in Mexican rural schoolchildren. BMC Public Health. 2006;6:225-.

Nguyen NL, Gelaye B, Aboset N, Kumie A, Williams MA, Berhane Y. Intestinal parasitic infection and nutritional status among school children in Angolela, Ethiopia. Journal of preventive medicine and hygiene. 2012;53(3):157-64.

Published

2018-08-02

How to Cite

Kyaw, P. P., Paratthakonkun, C., Yaicharoen, R., Soonthornworasiri, N., Prangthip, P., Maneekan, P., Zaw, A. P., Thu, S. W. Y. M., Arthan, D., & Nilkote, R. (2018). PREVALENCE OF INTESTINAL PARASITE AND RELATED FACTORS AMONG SCHOOL CHILDREN IN SUAN PHUENG SUBDISTRICT, RATCHABURI, THAILAND. Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health, (3), 13–23. Retrieved from https://publications.inschool.id/index.php/icash/article/view/750

Issue

Section

Articles