• Raffiky Pinandia Sustamy Master of Applied Science in Midwifery, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Rizqi D. Pratiwi Master of Applied Science in Midwifery, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Sri Wahyuni Master of Applied Science in Midwifery, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia


Background: Smartphones are new media that provide greater benefits than conventional health education. It provides ease and quick access information for users and they may repeat any time. This study aims to analyze the use of various applications related to assessment care, including pregnancy. 

Methodology: The literatures was collected from e-databases such as Science direct, PubMed, and Google Scholar. Journal criteria used by using RCT (Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) techniques and English-language journals. 5 international journal articles were found by using the keywords “smartphone applications” and “pregnancy care”. The journal had to be conducted in 2014-2019. 

Results: The smartphone application was a medium that used to get information easier, faster and efficient. Those 5 journal articles were conducted in Indonesia (1 journal), Australia (3 journals), and USA (1 journal). It has been proven in 5 research articles to show effectiveness results in information acquisition, management of anxiety, weight management, management of antenatal care visits and management of childbirth preparations, thus helping pregnant women to optimally care for pregnancy.
Overall, all of the applications were effective as the health promotor media.

Conclusion: The future recommendations are needed to improve the materials and the information in term of pregnancy. The usage of application as health education media should be develop for low middle-income household.

Keywords: Smartphone, Pregnancy, Application


Aune D, Saugstad OD, Henriksen T, Tonstad S. 2014. Maternal body mass index and the risk of fetal death, stillbirth, and infant death: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA;311:1536–46.

Marufu TC, Ahankari A, Coleman T, Lewis S.2015. Maternal smoking and the risk of still birth: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Public Health;15:239.

Flenady V, Middleton P, Smith GC, Duke W, Erwich JJ, Khong TY, Neilson J, Ezzati M, Koopmans L, Ellwood D, et al. 2011. Stillbirths: the way forward in high-income countries. Lancet; 377:1703–17.

Fleming SE, Vandermause R, Shaw M. 2014. First-time mothers preparing for birthing in an electronic world: internet and mobile phone technology. J Reprod Infant Psychol;32(3):240-53.

Higgs ES, Goldberg AB, Labrique AB, Cook SH, Schmid C, Cole CF, Obregon RA. 2014.Understanding the role of mHealth and other media interventions for behavior change to enhance child survival and development in low- and middle-income countries: an evidence review. J Health Commun;19 Suppl 1:164–89.

Tripp N, Hainey K, Liu A, Poulton A, Peek M, Kim J, et al. 2014. An emerging model of maternity care: smartphone, midwife, doctor?.Women Birth;27(1):64-7.

Robinson F, Jones C. 2014. Women's engagement with mobile device applications in pregnancy and childbirth. Pract Midwife;17(1):23- 5.

Waring ME, Moore Simas TA, Xiao RS, Lombardini LM, Allison JJ, Rosal MC, et al. 2014. Pregnant women's interest in a website or mobile application for healthy gestational weight gain. Sex Reprod Healthc;5(4):182-4.

Lupton D, Thomas GM. 2015. Playing pregnancy: the ludification and gamification of expectant motherhood in smartphone apps. M/C Journal 2015;18(5)

Thomas GM, Lupton D. 2016. Threats and thrills: pregnancy apps, risk and consumption. Health Risk Soc;17:495–509.

Jahns R. mHealth app developers economics. 2014. Germany: The State of the Art of mHealth App Publishing

Daly LM. 2016. Apps and opps: mobile applications and opportunities for longitudinal data collection across the reproductive lifespan. In Australian Longitudinal Study of Women’s Health (ALSWH) Scientific Meeting. Newcastle: ALSWH Scientific Meeting

O’Donnell BE, Lewkowitz AK, Vargas JE, Zlatnik MG. 2016. Examining pregnancyspecific smartphone applications: what are patients being told? J Perinatol ;36:802–7.

Vodopivec-Jamsek V, de Jongh T, Gurol-Urganci I, Atun R, Car J. 2012. Mobile phone messaging for preventive health care. Cochrane

Database Syst Rev;12:Cd007457.

Boulos MN, Wheeler S, Tavares C, Jones R. 2011. How smartphones are changing the face of mobile and participatory healthcare: an

overview, with example from eCAALYX. Biomed Eng Online .10:24.

Sama PR, Eapen ZJ, Weinfurt KP, Shah BR, Schulman KA.2014. An evaluation of mobile health application tools. JMIR Mhealth

Uhealth 2014;2(2):e19.

Lydia Hearn, MargaretMiller and Leanne Lester. 2014. Reaching Perinatal Women Online: The Healthy You, Healthy Baby Website

and App. Journal of Obesity: Hindawi.

Julia A. Dalton13, Dianne Rodger23, et al. 2018. The Health-e Babies App for antenatal education: Feasibility for socially disadvantaged women. PloS ONE 13(5): e0194337. journal.pone.019433

Deborah Davis1 PhD, Rachel Davey PhD, et al. 2018. Optimizing Gestational Weight Gain With the Eating4Two Smartphone App:

Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Research Protocols.

Stine Lund, Birgitte B Nielsen, et al. 2014. Mobile phones improve antenatal care attendance in Zanzibar: a cluster randomized

controlled trial. BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth. 14:29.

Hanna Yuanita Dana Santoso, M.Sc, Supriyana Supriyana, Ph.D, et al. 2017. Android Application Model of “Suami Siaga Plus” as an Innovation in Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness (BP/CR) Intervention. Journal of Family and Reproductive Health. Vol.

No 1

Pandey A, Hasan S, Dubey D, Sarangi S. 2013. Smartphone apps as a source of cancer information: changing trends in health

information-seeking behavior. Journal of Cancer Education; 28(1):138±42. PMID:

WHO, UNICEF: Countdown to 2015 Decade Report (2000-2010): Taking Stock of Maternal, Newborn and Child Survival. 2010.

Geneva: World Health Organization;

Deglise C, Suggs LS, Odermatt P. 2012. SMS for disease control in developing countries: a systematic review of mobile health

applications. J Telemed Telecare 18:273–281.

Widyastari DA, Shaluhiyah Z, Widjanarko B. 2011. Adolescents in peril: Internet and other factors influencing adolescents's exual

attitudes. Journal Kesehatan Reproduksi;1:1-13.



How to Cite

Sustamy, R. P., Pratiwi, R. D., & Wahyuni, S. (2019). USING THE SMARTPHONE APPLICATION FOR PREGNANCY CARE: A LITERATURE REVIEW. Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health, (4), 571–578. Retrieved from