GUIDELINES USING POTENTIAL STAKEHOLDERS IN ENHANCING REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND IDEAL MARRIAGE AGE EDUCATION IN NATIONAL POPULATION AND FAMILY PLANNING BOARD’S YOUTH INFORMATION AND COUNSELLING CENTER
Background: Reproductive health education in school seemed less concerned by the Government in Indonesia. Reproductive health was not yet inserted in the curriculum, as a result, it was implemented through the youth center inside the school, like YICC. Participation of stakeholders may contribute for enhancing this YICC,moreover, in decentralisation era in Indonesia today. Furthermore, less research about stakeholder analysis made this research was necessary to do.
Aims: To map stakeholders and explore guidelines from potential stakeholders in enhancing reproductive health and ideal marriage education in National Population and Family Planning Board of Indonesia (so-called BKKBN)’s Youth Information and Counselling Center in Jakarta Province, Indonesia.
Methodology: This research applied the descriptive qualitative method and used Power versus Interest grid mapping model. 27 organizations were asked in-depth interviewed and Focus Group Discussion with semi-structured questions about their power and interest to YICC in two cities in Jakarta: Center of Jakarta and East of Jakarta.
Result: The results were in mapping and guidelines. In mapping stakeholders, from the 27 stakeholders in the mapping model, most of the stakeholders were in the area 3 who were placed by stakeholders in provincial and local level with characterised low power and high interest, while stakeholders in national level placed in area 1 was in high power and low interest. The guidelines recommended actions based on the area on the mapping model. These findings were prominently recommended for inputting the appropriate YICC into the system of the school for the sustainability of the programs.
Conclusion: The power versus interest grid model pictured that the engagement of national stakeholders was less than provincial and local stakeholders in YICC. This program should be run under regulations between Ministry of Education and Culture for the sustainability of the YICC programs. Also, the YICC should be continuously monitored in the practical context.
BKKBN Pusna (Family Planning and Family Welfare Research Center). Reality of partnerships based on Stakeholder’s Memorandum of Understanding. Indonesia; 2014.
BKKBN Pusna (Family Planning and Family Welfare Research Center). Survei Kependudukan, Keluarga Berencana, Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja dan Pembangunan Keluarga di Kalangan Remaja Indonesia (Population, Family Planning, Youth Reproductive Health and Family Development Survey on Indonesian Young People. Indonesia.BKKBN; 2016.
Bryson, John.M. What to do when stakeholder matter.2004. Retrieved from:http- //archive.hhh.umn.edu/people/jmbryson/pdf/stakeholder_identification_analysis_techniques.pdf (accessed on 2018).
Bryson, John M, Michael Quinn Patton, Ruth A. Bowman. Working with evaluation stakeholders: A rationale, step-wise approach and toolkit. Elsevier Journal in Evaluation and Program Planning. 2011;34:1–12.
a. Civil Society Coalition on SRHR; Indonesia’s compliance with its international human rights obligations related to SRHR; 2017. 5. Eden, Colin and Fran Ackermann. Making Strategy: The Journey of Strategic Management. Sage Publication; 1998.
a. Mai, Jolanta. Diversity management's stakeholders and stakeholder management. Opole University of Technology; November 2015.
Kusmiran, Eni. Youth and Woman Reproductive Health. Salemba Medika Publishing. Jakarta, Indonesia; 2011.
Lestari, Heny and Sugiharti. Young Adults Risk Behaviour by Indonesia Young Adult Reproductive Health Survey in 2007. Reproductive Health Journal, August 2011;1(3):136-144.
Maurrassee, David J. Strategic Public Private Partnerships. Edward Elgar. UK; 2013
Lieberman, Ann. The root of educational change.Springer; 2005.
Oakley, Peter et all. Projects with People. International Labour Organization. Switzerland; 1991.
Pakasi, Diana Teresa and Reni Kartikawati. Between Needs and Taboos: Sexuality and Reproductive Health Education for High School
Students. Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Indonesia; 2013.
a. Peter, David H; Taghreed Adam; Olakunle Alonge; Irene Akua Agyepong; Nhan Tran. Implementation research: what it is and how to do it; November, 20th 2013.
Reproductive health matters magazines. Provision of education about sexuality and reproduction. 2013;41(21):25.
Rianda R, Omega and Sinta Saraswati. Perception about Youth Reproductive Health and Sexually Transmitted Disease on Class VIII
Students. Indonesian Journal of Guidance and Counseling: Theory and Application; 2015.
Rostikawati, Rin; Sri Pangestuti; Eri Wahyuningsih. The role of Youth Information and Counselling Center of Reproductive Health towards Youth Empowerment. Spirit Public Journal, October 2014: 1(9):77 - 88.
Statistics Center. Youth Demographic Health Survey Report. Indonesia; 2017.
Schmeer, Kammi. Stakeholder Analysis Guidelines. World Health Organization (WHO). Retrieved from:http-
//www.who.int/workforcealliance/knowledge/toolkit/33.pdf (accessed on 2018).