KARUNGUT MUSIC REDUCES ANXIETY OF ADOLESCENT PREGNANT MOTHER

Riyanti Riyanti, Legawati Legawati

Abstract

Background: Adolescent pregnancy is being a problem in Indonesia. Adolescent pregnancy can bring problem not only to the baby’s health but also the mother’s health as well. It can cause problem in society too. The pressure from family and society towards adolescent who got pregnant, especially if they get pregnant without marriage can lead the mother to face anxiety during the pregnancy. The anxiety during pregnancy can bring negative impact to the baby and mother. This study aims to determine the effect of Karungut music to the anxiety level among pregnant adolescent in Kapuas Regency, Indonesia.

Methods: This study was an analytical study with a quasi-experimental. Totally 60 respondents were recruited in this study used simple random sampling. 30 respondents were chosen to be experimental group meanwhile the rest as control group. The data was analyzed in univariate and bivariate analysis. binary logistic regression was used to analyze in multivariate level.

Results: Majority of the respondents in this study were did the Antenatal Care regularly (55%), had high motivation for pregnant (51.7%), got families support (71.7%) but not from the health workers (83.3%). The multivariate analysis showed that heard Karungut music can reduce the anxiety level among pregnant adolescent (OR= 3.33) after controlling other variables.

Conclusion: Listening Karungut music during pregnancy can reduce the anxiety among pregnant woman. It can be considered as an alternative way to improve the health status among pregnant adolescent by reducing one of risk factor that can affect to the pregnancy. Supporting from family and health workers also important during pregnancy to reduce the anxiety.

Full Text:

PDF

References

BPS. Population Census Data. Jakarta: BPS.2010. Available at https://www.bps.go.id/. 2017. Downloaded on February 26, 2018.

Kementrian Kesehatan RI. Infodatin Adolescent Reproductive Health Situation. Jakarta; Kemenkes RI. 2015. Available at

http://www.depkes.go.id/download.php? 2015. Downloaded on 12 January 2018.

BKKBN Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah. The Number of Teenage Pregnancies in Central Kalimantan is the Highest in Indonesia. 2017.

Available at http://mediaindonesia.com. Downloaded on January 10, 2018

Pusat Studi Kajian Gender Sekolah Kajian Strategik Dan Global Universitas Indonesia. Child Marriage in Islamic, Catholic, Protestant,

Buddhist, Hindu and Hindu Kaharingan Perspectives. Jakarta; Program Studi Kajian Gender Sekolah Kajian Strategik Dan Global

Universitas Indonesia dan KPPA. 2016

Solihat SI. Self-Adjustment of Pregnant Teenagers Outside Marriage. Bandung; University of Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI) .2013

Available at http://repository.upi.edu/4579/1/S_PSI_0800924.Di Download 25 February 2018.

Leigh B, Milgrom J. Risk factors for antenatal depression, postnatal depression and parenting stress. BMC Psychiatry. 2008;8:24.

Published 2008 Apr 16. doi:10.1186/1471-244X-8-24

Claesson IM, Josefsson A, Sydsjö G. Prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms among obese pregnant and postpartum women:

an intervention study. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:766. Published 2010 Dec 16. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-766

Lee AM, Lam SK, Sze Mun Lau SN, Chong CS, Chui HW, and Fong DY. Prevalence, Course and Risk Factor for Antenatal Anxiety

and Depression. Obstetric Gynecology Journal. 2007:110(5): 1102-1112

Ali NS, Azam IS, Ali BS, Tabbusum G, Moin SS. Frequency and associated factors for anxiety and depression in pregnant women: a

hospital-based cross-sectional study. Scientific World Journal. ;2012:653098. doi:10.1100/2012/653098

Ranita BA. Effect of Belly Dance on Anxiety Levels. Primigravida Trimester III Pregnant Women. Diponegoro University.2016.

Available at http://eprints.undip.ac.id/51354

Taruna JA. Functions and Forms of Presentation of Karungut Musical Instruments in Central Kalimantan. Faculty of Language and Art University of Negeri Yogyakarta. 2016. Available at http://eprints.uny.ac.id/. Downloaded on February 27, 2018

McDowell, Ian.Measuring Health: A Guide to Rating Scales and Questionnares. New York: Oxford University Press. 2006

Vivette Glover. Maternal depression, anxiety, and stress during pregnancy and child outcomes; what needs to be done. Elsevier. Best

Practice and Research Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology.2014. (28); 25-35.

Liana, D et al.Causes of anxiety during pregnancy. Elsevier. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2015. 205:623 – 626.

Schetter & Tanner. Anxiety, Depression, And Stress In Pregnancy: Implications For Mothers, Children, Research, And Practice. Curr

Opin Psychiatry.2012:25(2):141–148. Available at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4447112/ downloaded on September 17, 2018.

Biaggi, Conroy S, Pawlby S, Pariante CM. Identifying the women at risk of antenatal anxiety and depression: A systematic review.

Elsevier.2010: available at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26650969. Downloaded on September 15, 2018.

Bern, GS et al. Neural mechanisms of the influence of popularity on adolescent ratings of music. Elsevier NeuroImage.2010: 49: 2687-

HC-Chang et al.The effects of music listening on psychosocial stress and maternal attachments during pregnancy. Elsevier.

Complementary Therapies in Medicine.2015: (23) 509-515.

Djohan. Music Therapy Theory and Application. Yogyakarta: Galang Press; 2016.

Analia and Moekroni, R Effect of Giving Classical Music Therapy in Lowering the Anxiety Level of Pregnant Women Ahead of Labor.

Majority. 2016:5:1 (6):

Iriana, DD. Relationship of ANC Visit Regularity with Anxiety in Facing the First Stage of Childbirth in Delanggu Mojokerto Health

Center Work Area. 2014.

Handayani, R. Factors Associated with the Level of Anxiety Towards Labor At Primigravida Trimester III in the Lubuk Buaya Padang Health Center Working Area in 2012. Nursing Journal.2014: 11 (1): 62-71.

Mayasari, et al.Analysis of Factors that play a role in the anxiety of primigravida Trimester III pregnant women in the Puskesmas Bahu

Malalayang District, Manado City. 2017.

Kang. Spaced Repetition Promotes Efficient and Effective Learning: Policy Implications for Instruction. Policy insights from the

Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 2016 Available at https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/2372732215624708. Downloaded on September 19, 2018.

Manurung, O and Siallagan, EA.Effect of Access and Motivation on Pregnant Women Behavior in conducting antenatal visits in the

Pancur Batu Community Health Center Working Area in 2015. 2015.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.