CONTROLLING DIET EXPERIENCE OF DIABETIC PATIENTS IN BUKITTINGGI, INDONESIA

Dona Amelia, Ade Srywahyuni, Liza Merianti, Mita Yulia

Abstract

Background: In 2015, the International Diabetes Federation reported that there were 415 million adults aged 20 to 79 with diabetes. Indonesia is among the 10 countries with the high number of diabetic patients and is ranked 7th in the world with the number of patients reaching 10.2 million. Diabetes management can be done through controlling blood sugar through 4 pillars, namely education, diet, exercise, and medication. However, the current phenomena show that many diabetics have poor dietary control so they fail maintain their blood sugar within its normal limits and are at greater risk for diabetes complications. However, we can still find diabetic patients who are able to improve their diet and control their blood sugar. Therefore, getting information from them, especially related to their experience in controlling their diet, is expected to provide hope and motivation for others. Hence, this study aims to find out and expolore the experience of diabetics with controlled blood sugar and diet

Methods: This study uses a qualitative research method with a descriptive phenomenology approach. The selection of participants was carried out by using a purposive sampling technique. The number of participants in this study were 5 and data were processed through Colaizzi method.

Result:.There are four themes obtained in this study namely: Self-commitment to discipline and dietary compliance, Fruit as an alternative appetite suppresant, Controlling hunger as a habit, and Channelling hunger to activities. Controlling diet for participants has been succesfully done by created a new habit through controlling their hunger, so that they could keep their commitment dan disclipline for dietary compliance, choosing fruits as alternative suppresant and doing activity for channeling the hunger. Therefore it is important for the nurses to educate the diabetic patients about how to deal with diet issues through controlling a hunger as a habit

Full Text:

PDF

References

WHO. Diabetes Programme: Country and Regional Data. World Health Organization. 2016

Edwina DA, Manaf A, Efrida. Pola Komplikasi Kronis Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Rawat Inap di Bagian Penyakit Dalam RS. Dr. M. Djamil Padang (the pattern of Chronic complication Diabetes sufferer Type 2 inpatient in disease section in RS. Dr. M. Djamil Padang). Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas. 2012; 4(1).

Rosyada A, Trihandini I. Determinan Komplikasi Kronik Diabetes Melitus pada Lanjut Usia (The determination of chronic complications of Diabetes mellitus in elderly). Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional. 2013; 7(9).

Rajasa RE, Afriwardi, Zein SB. Hubungan Tingkat Keteraturan Berolahraga terhadap Komplikasi Penyakit pada Pasien DM Tipe 2 di Poliklinik Endokrin Rsup Dr.M.Djamil Padang (Relation of regularity of exercise to complications of diseases of type 2 DM patients in endocrine clinic of Rsup Dr. M. Djamil Padang). Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas. 2016; 5(2).

Novitasari R. Hubungan antara Pengetahuan dan Sikap dengan Kepatuhan Diit Diabetes Melitus (DM) pada Lanjut Usia (Lansia) di Kelurahan Gayam Kecamatan Sukoharjo (The relationship between knowledge and attitudes to Diet Diabetes mellitus (DM) on seniors in the village Gayam Sukoharjo District). Surakarta; Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta; 2015.

Huang Y, Ogurtsova K, Fernandes JDA, Cavan D, Makaroff LE, Shaw J, Cho NH. IDF Diabetes atlas estimates for the global Diabetes prevalence of adult age 18-99 years old. International Diabetes Federation. 2015.

Kemenkes RI. Info Datin; Situasi Dan Analisis Diabetes (Diabetes Situations and analysis). Jakarta Selatan; Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 2014.

Perkeni. Konsesus; Pengelolaan dan Pencegahan Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 (type 2 Diabetes mellitus Management and prevention). Indonesia; Perkumpulan Endokrinologi Indonesia. 2015.

Azila. Gambaran kualitas hidup pasein diabetes mellitus tipe 2 di poli interne RS. Soebandi (Description of the quality of life type 2 diabetes mellitus in Soebandi Hospital). Jember ; Universitas Jember; 2016.

Lestari D, Citrakesumasari, Alharini S. Upaya Penanganan dan Perilaku Pasien Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 di Puskesmas Maradekaya Kota Makassar (Treatment of type 2 Diabetes mellitus patient's care and behaviour in Puskesmas Maradekaya city Makassar). Jurnal Kesehatan. 2013.

Anani S, Udiyono A, Ginanjar P. Hubungan antara Perilaku Pengendalian Diabetes dan Kadar Glukosa Darah Pasien Rawat Jalan Diabetes Melitus (The relationship between Diabetes control behaviour and patient blood glucose level Diabetes mellitus). Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat. 2012;1(2): 466-478.

Sari ADP, Citrakesumasari, Alharini S. Upaya Penanganan dan Perilaku Pasien Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 di Puskesmas Maccini Sawah Kota Makassar (Treatment and behavior efforts of type 2 Diabetes mellitus patients in the community health centers in Makassar). Jurnal Kesehatan. 2013

Wiro G, Arundina A, Putri EA. Hubungan antara Pengetahuan dan Sikap dengan Perilaku Pencegahan Diabetes Melitus pada Pegawai Negeri Sipil di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Siantan Hulu (The relationship between knowledge and attitudes to Diabetes mellitus prevention in civil servants in the working area of Siantan Hulu). Pontianak: Universitas Tanjungpura; 2013

Fachruddin II, Citrakesumasari, Alharini S. Upaya Penanganan dan Perilaku Pasien Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 di Puskesmas Bara-Baraya Kota Makassar (Treatment of type 2 Diabetes mellitus in the health centers of Bara-Baraya Makassar City). Jurnal Kesehatan. 2013.

Sudaryanto A, Setiyadi NA, Frankilawati DA. Hubungan antara Pola Makan, Genetik dan Kebiasaan Olahraga terhadap Kejadian Diabetes Melitus Tipe II di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Nusukan Banjarsari (The relationship between diet, genetic and exercise habits of Diabetes mellitus type II in the work area of health centers Nusukan Banjarsari). Jurnal. Fakultas Teknik Universitas Wahid Hasyim Semarang. 2014.

Polit DF, Beck CT. Nursing Research: Principles And Methods (7 Th Ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincitt Williams & Wilkins; 2010.

Streubert HJ, Carpenter DR. Qualitative research in nursing. Philadelphia; Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2011

Creswell JW. Research design; Pendekatan kualitatif, kuantitatif dan mixed. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar; 2014.

Putri NHK, Isfandiari MA. Hubungan Empat Pilar Pengendalian Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 dengan Rerata Kadar Gula Darah (Relationship of four pillars of type 2 Diabetes mellitus control with average blood sugar levels). Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi. 2013; 1(2): 234–243.

Sugiyarti, Meikawati M, Salawati T. Hubungan Ketaatan Diet dan Kebiasaan Olahraga dengan Kadar Gula Darah padaPasien Diabetes Mellitus yang Berobat DiPuskesmas Ngembal Kulon Kabupaten Kudus (Relationship Obedience Diet and exercise habits with blood sugar levels of Diabetes Mellitus treatment DiPuskesmas Ngembal Kulon Kudus Regency). Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia. 2011; 7(1).

Utomo AYS. Hubungan antara 4 Pilar Pengelolaan Diabetes Melitus dengan Keberhasilan PengelolaanDiabetes Melitus Tipe 2 (The relationship between the 4 pillars of Diabetes mellitus management with the successful manageability of type 2 Diabetes mellitus). Univer Semarang: Universitas Diponegoro; 2010.

Senuk A, Supit W, Onibala F. Hubungan Pengetahuan dan Dukungan Keluarga denganKepatuhan Menjalani Diet Diabetes Melitus DiPoliklinik Rsud Kota Tidore Kepulauan Provinsi Maluku Utara (Relationship of knowledge and family support with Adherence to the Diabetes mellitus Diet and the city of Tidore of the North Maluku Islands). Ejournal Keperawatan (E-Kp). 2013; 1(1).

Risnasari N. Hubungan Tingkat Kepatuhan Diet Pasien Diabetes Mellitus dengan Munculnya Komplikasi Di Puskesmas Pesantren II Kota Kediri (Relationship of level Compliance Diet diabetic patient with the emergence of complications in the Puskesmas Pesantren II Kota Kediri). Jurnal Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri. 2014; 1(25).

Mu’in M, Nursasi AY, Wiarsih W. Gambaran Perilaku Manajemen Perawatan Penderita DM (Overview of DM Care Management behaviour). Jurnal Keperawatan Soedirman. 2014; 9(1).

Fitri RI, Wirawanni Y. Asupan Energi, Karbohidrat, Serat, Beban Glikemik,Latihan Jasmani dan Kadar Gula Darah padaPasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 (Energy intake, carbohydrates, fiber, glycemic load, physical exercise and blood sugar levels of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus). Semarang: Universitas Diponegoro; 2012.

Putri DSR, Yudianto K, Kurniawan T. Perilaku Self-Management Pasien Diabetes Melitus (Self-Management of Diabetic Patient). Jurnal Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Padjadjaran. 2013; 1(1).

Tera BHA, Noer ER. Determinan Ketidakpatuhan Diet Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2(Determination of non-compliance with type 2 Diabetes mellitus ). Semarang: Universitas Diponegoro; 2011.

Aini N, Fatmaningrum W, Yusuf AH. Upaya Meningkatkan Perilaku Pasien dalam Tatalaksana Diabetes Mellitus dengan Pendekatan Teori Model Behavioral System Dorothy E. Johnson (Efforts to improve patient behaviour in the treatment of Diabetes Mellitus with theoretical approach to Model Behavioral System Dorothy E. Johnson). Jurnal Ners. 2011; 6(1).

ADA. a day in the life of diabetes by Jay Dickman. American Diabetes Association. 2015.

Suryani N, Pramono, Septiana S. Diet dan Olahraga sebagai Upaya Pengendalian Kadar Gula Darah pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Di Poliklinik Penyakit dalam RSUD Ulin Banjarmasin (Diet and exercise as an effort to control blood sugar levels in type 2 Diabetes mellitus patients in polyclinics of the disease in RSUD Ulin Banjarmasin). Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia. 2016; 6(2).

Glanz K, Lewis FM, Rimer BK. Health Behavior and Health Education; Theory, Research and Practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publisher; 1997

Sholihah M. Gmbaran Peluang Perubahan Perilaku Perokok dengan Health Belief Model pada Pasien Hipertensi Di Puskesmas Ciputat Tangerang Selatan (The opportunity to change smokers ' behavior changes with Health Belief Model in hypertension patients at Puskesmas South Tangerang). Jakarta:. Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta; 2014.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.