THE CORRELATION BETWEEN MOTHER’S KNOWLEDGE, EDUCATION AND FAMILY INCOME WITH NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF TODDLER (AGED 1-6 YEARS)

Ika Rena Pratiwi, Ricardi W Alibasjah, Catur Setiya Sulistiyana

Abstract

Background: Increasing number of malnutrition among toddler in Indonesia relates to knowledge, education and mother’s income. These characteristics are associated with the provision of infants’ food intake. This study tries to find out the correlation between mothers’ knowledge level, education and family revenue with nutritional status of toddler.

Methods: This research used Cross Sectional design, used Accidental sampling techniques. The samples were taken 289 toddlers (1-5 years). Independent variables of this study are mother’s knowledge, mother’s education level, and family income. Dependent variable is toddler nutrition status. The data obtained were analysed using spearman test.

Results: This study found a different result with previous studies. Spearman test results showed that mother’s knowledge level, education and family revenue were not significantly correlation (p> 0.05) with nutritional status of toddler Kalitanjung Cirebon Health Center. These variables categorized at indirect factors of malnutrition caused. Several direct factors included food intake and toddler’s health condition might have higher affect towards toddler nutrition status.

Conclusion: This study found that mother’s knowledge level, education and family revenue not correlate with nutritional status of toddler in Kalitanjung Cirebon Health Center. Further research should be included another factors to support these indirect factor of malnutrition caused.

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