THE CORRELATION OF ADOLESCENT’S KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE TO DRUGS WITH ADOLESCENT’S DRUG ABUSE BEHAVIOR IN THE COMMUNITY HEALTH CENTER OF KESUNEAN, CIREBON
Background: The reports on the number of drug abuse in Indonesia by the National Narcotic Agency (NNA) showed 3.3 million drug users in 2008 and 3.8 million drug users in 2014 in which its number keeps increasing year after year. The number of teenagers who become drug users in Cirebon is quite high, i.e. 25% compared to unemployed people of 19%, and followed by private employees and government employees of 56%. Data from community health center show that drug users who underwent treatment and were sent to rehabilitation center in 2017 were 32 people; it was higher than in 2016, i.e. 10 people. Adolescence is a transition period between childhood and adulthood. There are several factors influencing mental abilities, knowledge, and attitudes. It makes adolescents may consume narcotics, psychotropic abuse and other drug addictive substances. The community health center of Kesunean has an Integrated service post (ISP) program called REMPONG PISAN (an ISP who cares for HIV/AIDS and Narcotics) aiming to make adolescent understand about HIV/AIDS and drugs and to make them healthy. This ISP program is conducted once a month with one of the activities is education about HIV/AIDS and drugs.
Aim: To observe the correlation of adolescent’s knowledge and attitudes to drugs with drug abuse behavior among adolescents at the ISP.
Method: This research was an observational analytic study with a cross-sectional design. The sample was determined using consecutive sampling technique during the implementation of the ISP at the 2 neighborhood in the community health center of Kesunean. The data were analyzed using Pearson correlation to determine the correlation of adolescent’s knowledge and attitudes to drugs with drug abuse behavior among adolescents.
Results: Statistical analysis shows that there was no significant correlation between knowledge and drug abuse behavior (p = 0.180 and; r = -0,201), there was no significant correlation between attitudes with drug abuse behavior (p = 0.264; r= -0,168), however, there was a significant correlation between knowledge and attitudes towards drug abuse (p = 0.000; r = 0,710**).Conclusion: The better the adolescent’s knowledge about drugs, the better their attitude will be. In this case, good teen behavior is influenced by good knowledge and attitude.
B. Allen and H. Waterman, “Stages of Adolescence,” 2019. [Online]. Available: https://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/teen/Pages/Stages-of-Adolescence.aspx.
R. I. Kemenkes, “Gambaran Umum Penyalahgunaan Narkoba di Indonesia (General Description of Drug Abuse in Indonesia),” Igarss 2014, no. 1, pp. 1–5, 2014.
Pemerintah Republik Indonesia, “Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 35 Tahun 2009 Tentang Narkotika (Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 35 of 2009 concerning Narcotics),” Media Elektronik Sekretariat Negara, 2009. [Online]. Available: http://www.bnn.go.id/portal/_uploads/perundangan/2009/10/27/uu-nomor-35-tahun-2009-tentang-narkotika-ok.pdf. [Accessed: 23-Aug-2018].
Pemerintah Republik Indonesia, “Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 5 Tahun 1997 Tentang Psikotropika (Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 5 of 1997 concerning Psychotropics),” Media Elektronik Sekretariat Negara Tahun 1997, 1997. .
R. I. Peraturan Pemerintah, “Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 109 Tahun 2012 Tentang Pengamanan Bahan yang Mengandung Zat Adiktif Berupa Produk Tembakau Bagi (Republic of Indonesia Government Regulation Number 109 of 2012 concerning Safety of Materials Containing Addicti,” Media Elektronik Sekretariat Negara, 2012. .
R. I. Bnn, “Survei Nasional Penyalahgunaan Narkoba di 34 Provinsi Tahun 2017 (National Narcotics Abuse Survey in 34 Provinces in 2017),” J. Heal. Sport, vol. II, no. 1, pp. 83–88, 2011.
N. Kumar Singh and D. Bhattacharjee, “Perceive Family Environment among Parents, Spouses and Siblings of Alcohol Dependence Patients: A Comparative Study,” J. Addict. Res. Ther., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 3–6, 2012.
A. L. Kristjansson, I. D. Sigfusdottir, and J. P. Allegrante, “Adolescent substance use and peer use: a multilevel analysis of cross-sectional population data,” Subst Abus. Treat Prev Policy, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 27, 2013.
J. M. Fegert et al., “Preventing later substance use disorders in at-risk children and adolescents: A review of the theory and evidence base of indicated prevention,” 2009.
I. Deni, “Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Perilaku Remaja tentang Bahaya narkoba pada Siswa/I SMP Negeri 4 Kelas 9 Pematang Siantar Tahun 2008 (Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior of Adolescents about the Dangers of Drugs in Students),” Universitas Sumatra Utara, Sumatra Utara, 2008.
Q. F. D. Musmarf, “Hubungan Antara Tingkat Pengetahuan Bahaya Napza Dengan Sikap dan Tindakan Penyalahgunaan Napza Pada Mahasiswa Universitas Muhamadiyah Yogyakarta (Relationship Between Level of Knowledge of Drug Hazards and Attitudes and Actions of Drug Abuse on Students),” Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, 2017.
K. R. Priya, “Attitudes and Attitude Change,” The National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL), 2014. [Online]. Available: https://nptel.ac.in/courses/109104048/module/lecture18.pdf. [Accessed: 27-May-2019].
Soekidjo, Promosi Kesehatan dan Ilmu Perilaku (Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences). Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2007.
O. Mowbray, “Can Social Networks Inform Treatment Use for Persons with Co-Occurring Substance Use and Mental Health Problems ?,” vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 3–4, 2012.
S. Azwar, Sikap Manusia Teori dan Pengukuranya (Human Attitudes Theory and Measurement). Yogyakarta: Pustaka pelajar, 2011.
BNN, “Pencegahan Penyalahgunaan Napza (Drug Abuse Prevention),” 2013. [Online]. Available: https://bnn.go.id/blog/beritakegiatan/pencegahan-penyalahgunaan-napza/. [Accessed: 22-Apr-2019].
R. I. Depkes, “Cegah Penyalahgunaan Narkoba, Selamatkan Penggunanya (Prevent Drug Abuse, Save Users),” Pusat Komunikasi Publik Sekretariat Jenderal Kementerian Kesehatan RI, 2014. [Online]. Available: http://www.depkes.go.id/article/view/201406040002/cegah-penyalahgunaan-narkoba-selamatkan-penggunanya.html. [Accessed: 15-Mar-2019].