THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, BREASTFEEDING PRACTICE AND INTAKE OF COMPLEMENTARY FEEDING WITH NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILDREN AGED 6-24 MONTHS AT KESUNEAN HEALTH CENTER CIREBON

Mauli Ardhiya, Ignatius Hapsoro, Shofa Nur Fauzah

Abstract

Background: The insufficient nutrient intake in the certain time may affect physical growth and development of children. The percentage of babies with exclusive breast feeding are only 37.3%. It is still under the national target. This research aims to examine the correlation of knowledge, attitude, and behavior of breastfeeding and intake of complementary feeding with nutritional status of children.

Methodology: This study was a cross sectional research conducted in Kesunean Health Center, Cirebon City. Totally 100 mothers of children aged 6 to 24 months was selected by consecutive sampling. The nutritional status was calculated based on weight of age whereas the predictors (knowledge, attitude, behavior) was asked by 31 questions. The statistical analysis used Spearman test and Logistic Regression.

Results: The univariate result showed that more than a half of children’s mothers was in aged 26 to 35 years and 48% graduated from senior high school. Additionally, 63% of the children had a good nutritional status. The bivariate analysis found that knowledge, attitude, and behavior were statistically significant correlated to nutritional status with P value 0.001. The multivariate results revealed that mother who had poor knowledge, poor attitude, and poor behavior were more likely to have malnutrition children (OR=5.7, OR= 3.6, OR=6.2, respectively).

Conclusion: Knowledge, attitude, and behavior of mother had correlation with nutritional status. The behavior was the strongest predictors. Public health center should promote the importance of breast milk and provide the counseling to the mother.

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