Determinants of Condom Use Status among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) Group in 5 Indonesian Cities in 2015

Ni Wayan Putri Larassita Parwangsa, Krisnawati Bantas


Backgorund : Significant increase in HIV cases among men who have sex with men (hereafter MSM) group during the 2015-2016 period confirmed that sexual behavior is a major risk factor in exposure to HIV&AIDS with unprotected sexual intercourse as the dominant risk factor. Aims : This study aims to identify the determinants of condom use status  among MSM group in 5 cities in Indonesia. Method : This study used a cross sectional design, carried out in 5 cities in Indonesia: Jakarta, Bandung, Semarang, Surabaya, and Denpasar using secondary data from the Integrated Biological and Behavioural Survey (IBBS) in 2015. Results : Variables that are significantly related to the condom use status were marital status, exposure to information on HIV&AIDS, and knowledge about condoms. The marital status variable has a POR value of 1.351 (95% CI OR 0.709 – 2.576), whilst exposure to HIV&AIDS information has 1.668 (95% CI OR 1.148 – 2.422) POR value, and knowledge about condoms has POR value as much as 1.925 (95% CI OR 1.274 – 2.907). Conclusion : The number of respondents who used condoms consistently for the past one month were 76.1% and those who did not were 23.9%. Variables that are significantly related to the behaviour of not using condoms are marital status, exposure to HIV&AIDS information, and knowledge of condoms.

Keywords:Determinants, Behavior, Condom, MSM, HIV&AIDS


Determinants, Behavior, Condom, MSM, HIV/AIDS

Full Text:



United Nations Program on HIV / AIDS (UNAIDS). UNAIDS Report On The Global Summary of the AIDS Epidemic 2014. Genewa : 2015.

Ministry of Health. (Report on the Situation of HIV / AIDS in Indonesia). Jakarta : 2016

Mustikawati D, Riono P, Sutrisna A, Siahaan T, Bambang A, Priyono J. (Analysis of Risk Behavior Trends in HIV in Indonesia: 2007 Biological and Behavior Integrated Survey Report) Jakarta: 2009.

Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. (Biological and Behavior Integrated Survey 2011) Jakarta: 2011.

Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. (Biological and Behavior Integrated Survey [non-publication] 2015). Jakarta: 2015.

Directorate General of Disease Control and Environmental Health of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. (HIV / AIDS Case Statistics in Indonesia). Jakarta: 2017.

Fitriani S. (Health Promotion). Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu; 2011

Carter M. Certain Manifestation of Stigma especially Hurtfull for People with HIV. J AIDS 2009.

Weller I. Treatment of antiretroviral infections and drugs. Important AIDS Guidelines 1996; 3: 49–50.

UNAIDS. Report on The Global HIV / AIDS Epidemic: 4th Global Report. 4th ed. Switzerland: 2004.

Halkitis P, Hart T., Wolitski R., Purcell D., Gomez C, The Seropositive Urban Men’s Study Team. Sexual Behavior among HIV-Positive Men Who Sex with Men: What is in a label? The Journal of Sex Research 2003; 40: 179–88.

Chow E, Wilson D, Zhang L. Patterns of Condom Use among Men Who Have Sex with Men in China: A Systematic Review and Meta Analysis. AIDS Behav 2012; 16: 653–63.

Liu, Jie, Qu Bo, Ezeakile M, Zhang Y. Factors Associated with Unprotected Anal Intercourse among Men Who Have Sex with Men Liaoning Province, China. PLoS One 2012; 7. doi: 10.1371 / journal.pone.0050493.

Lia Winahyu, Husodo BT, Indraswari R. (FACTORS THAT ARE RELATED TO RISK SEXUAL BEHAVIOR IN TRUCKER IN TANJUNG EMAS PORT SEMARANG). Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat 2016: 4: 330–8.

Wardhani PK, Shaluhiyah Z, Demartoto A. )Behavior of the Use of Condoms and Lubricants in MSM in Surakarta City). Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia 2015; 10: 89–101.

Y. I, Priyono J., Syahboedin, Siahaan T, Ruslam P, Sutrisna A. (Risk Behavior and HIV Prevalence in Tanah Papua 2006: STHP Results in Papua 2006). Jakarta: 2007.

Notoatmodjo S. (Promotion of Health and Behavioral Sciences). Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2007


  • There are currently no refbacks.