The Use of Photo-Essay to Report Advances in Applied Science and Health
Background: In the applied health and science disciples there is an expectation that project work is reported through a publication. The conventional papers written to do this follow a structure that includes sections providing background, methods, results and a discussion or conclusion, supported by figures and tables. Sometimes photographs are included, and with more on-line publications the opportunities have increased for these to be available in full color. Borrowing from the field of photojournalism photo-essays are now a publication option where a series of images are used to tell the story; these are often related to health and well-being.
Aims: To summarize the methodology used to effectively combine a series of images with a brief text, and short reference list to create a visually engaging and informative short report.
Guidelines: Images are taken throughout the project with consent obtained from those whose images will be recognisable. Creative licence is used to compile representative images into a sequence that conveys the background, method, results and outcome(s) of the project. Images need to be of high resolution; editing for light, colour and contrast, and cropping is allowed to increase their clarity and relevance. The ethics of photojournalism apply making inappropriate manipulation of images or erroneous captions unacceptable.
Conclusions: Photo-essays are a novel and informative way to report on an applied health, social or scientific topic. The format is an excellent one to use for a brief report, or to prepare a research presentation for a scientific meeting.
Keywords: Photograph, Photojournalism, Photo-manipulation.
Caple H, Knox JS. Online news galleries, photojournalism and the photo essay. Visual Communication. 2012;11(2):207-36.
Marn R, Roldn J. Photo essays and photographs in visual arts-based educational research. International Journal of Education through Art. 2010;6(1):7-23.
Kobre, K. Photojournalism: The Professionals’ Approach. 1980; Somerville, MA: Curtin & London, Inc.
Knox JS. Reporting Bloodshed in Thai Newspapers. Communicating conflict: Multilingual case studies of the news media. 2008 Mar 28:173-202
Zelizer, B. ‘Journalism through the Camera’s Eye’ 2005; in Allan S. Journalism: Critical Issues: Critical Issues. McGraw-Hill Education (UK).
Layton, R. Editing and News Design: How to Shape the News in Print and Online Journalism. 2011; Palgrave Macmillan
Stothers L, Macnab A. Global implementation of advanced urological care: Policy implementation research. Canadian Urological Association Journal. 2017;11(6):157-60.
Mukisa R, Macnab AJ, Stothers L. Health promotion in low and middle income countries: “Youth Champions” as agents for change. Proc ICASH. 2017;2:6-13. http://publications.inschool.id/index.php/icash/article/view/117
Stothers L, Mutabazi S, Mukisa R, Macnab AJ. The burden of bladder outlet obstruction in men in rural Uganda. International Journal of Epidemiology. 2016;45(6):1763-1766.
Curry TJ, Strauss RH. A little pain never hurt anybody: A photo-essay on the normalization of sport injuries. Sociology of Sport Journal. 1994;11(2):195-208.
Macnab AJ. Mukisa R, Mutabazi S, Steed R. Malaria in Uganda: school-based rapid diagnostic testing and treatment. International Journal of Epidemiology. 2016; 45(6):1759-1762.
Macnab AJ, Mukisa R. The UN Sustainable Development Goals; using World Health Organization’s ‘Health Promoting Schools’ to create change.
Global Health Management Journal. 2017; 1(1): 23-7.
Peoples GE, Jezior JR, Shriver CD. Caring for the wounded in Iraq—a photo essay. New England Journal of Medicine. 2004;351(24):2476-80.
Hamilakis Y, Anagnostopoulos A, Ifantidis F. Postcards from the edge of time: Archaeology, photography, archaeological ethnography (a photo-essay). Public archaeology. 2009;;8(2-3):283-309.
GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal) is an open-access journal following Creative Commons License Deed – Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) which allow users to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format with one condition--appropriate credit is given to the journal. Author(s) must sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement Form prior to the publication to enable the journal to disseminate your work to the fullest extent. Each author(s) agree to transfer all copyrights of this work to the GHMJ (Global Health Management Journal). The author(s) however, explicitly reserve all proprietary rights other than copyright, such as patent rights, as stated in the Copyright Transfer Agreement Form.