Dengue hemorrhagic fever: Knowledge, attitude, and practice in Palmeriam, Jakarta, Indonesia


  • Siska Evi Martina Sint Carolus School of Health Sciences
  • Cicilia Nony Ayu Bratajaya
  • Ernawati Ernawati



Background: Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is the most rapidly spreading mosquito-borne viral disease in the world. It is an emerging disease, episodic and occurring annually. 

Aims: This study was to examine the knowledge, attitude, and practice of community in Palmeriam, Jakarta regarding dengue hemorrhagic fever.

Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was designed in this study between June to July 2016. Purposive sampling was done to collect data from 148 respondents.

Results: This study found that average age was 47 years old, 75% were women, and 46.6% finished secondary high school. In another hand, 23.6% respondents had good knowledge, and 49.3% had a neutral attitude for preventing dengue hemorrhagic fever. The study found that 68.2% respondents had a mid-level of practice prevention dengue hemorrhagic fever and it can be improved. This study indicated that the community was quite familiar with Dengue hemorrhagic fever, but there was confusion about water storage and environment effect.

Conclusion: Health promotion program and community participation should improve dengue awareness. Continuous campaign for enhancing the knowledge and attitude would result in better practice for DHF prevention.


World Health Organization. Comprehensive guidelines for prevention and control of dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever. Revised and Expanded edition. India: SEARO Technical Publication Series. 2011.

Johansson MA, Dominici F, Glass GE. Local and global effect of climate on dengue transmission in Puerto Rico. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 2009; 3(2), p. 382.

Departemen Kesehatan. Profil Kesehatan DKI Jakarta. 2012. Available from:

CDC CfDCaP. Dengue fever. Colorado: CDC; 2005. Available from:

WHO Geneva. Dengue hemorrhagic fever: diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1997.

Espinoza-Gómez F, Hernández-Suárez C, Coll-Cárdenas R. Educational campaign versus malathion spraying for the control of Aedes aegypti in Colima, Mexico. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2002; 56(2):148–52.

Malhotra V, Kaur P. The community knowledge, attitude and practice regarding dengue fever in field practice area of urban training health center of Patiala. Int J Res Dev Health. 2014; 2(1): 19-26.

Ahmed N. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of dengue fever prevention among the people in Male, Maldives. Master Thesis, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand. 2007.

Castro M, Sanchez L, Perez D, Sebrango C, Shkedy Z, Van der Stuyft P. The relationship between economic status, knowledge on dengue, risk perceptions and practices. PLos ONE, 2013; 8(12): e81875.

Dhimal M, Aryal KK, Lamichane M, Gautam I, Singh SP, Bhousol CL. Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding dengue fever among the healthy population of highland and lowland community in Central Nepal. PLos ONE, 2014; 9(7): e102028.

Koeraadt JMC, Tueten W, Sithiprasasna R, Kijchalao U, Jones WJ, Scott WT. Dengue knowledge and practice and their impact on Aedes aegypti populations in Kampheng Phet, Thailand. J Trop Med. 2006;74 (4), 692-700.

Nerlander L., Chau TN, Nguyen T. Study on knowledge, attitudes, and practices of community members in Tien Giang and Ho Chi Minch City with regards to dengue fever and climate change. International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. 2011.

Malhotra V, Kaur P. The community knowledge, attitude and practice regarding dengue fever in field practice area of urban training health center of Patiala. Int J Res Dev Health.2014; 2(1): 19-26.

Gunasekara TDCP, Velathanthiri VGNS, Weeraskara MM, Fernando SSN, Peelewattage M, & Fernando S. Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding dengue fever in sub-urban community in Sri Lanka. Galle Medical Journal. 2012;17(1), 10-15.

Itrat A, Khan A, Javaid S, Kamal M, Khan H, Javed, S, et al. Knowledge, awareness and practices regarding dengue fever among the adult population of dengue Hit Cosmopolitan. PLos ONE.2008;3(7).

Shuaib F, Todd D, Campebell-Stennett D, Ehiri J, Jolly EP. Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding dengue infection in Westmoreland, Jamaica. West Indian Med. 2010; 59(2),139-146.

Mayxay M, Cui W, Thammavong S, Khensakhou K, Vongxay V, Inthasoum L, at al. Dengue in peri-urban Pak-Ngum district, Vientiane capital of Laos: a community survey on knowledge, attitudes and practices. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:434.

Yboa BC, Labrage LJ. Dengue knowledge and preventive practices among rural residents in Samar on provinces, Philipines. Am J Public Health Res. 2013;1:47-52.

Dhimal M, Aryal KK, Dhimal ML, Gautam I, Singh SP, et al. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Dengue Fever among the Healthy Population of Highland and Lowland Communities in Central Nepal. PLoS ONE.2014; 9(7).






Research Articles