A Comparative Analysis on Idioms the Human Body Parts in Indonesian and Thai Languages
Keywords:The intent of study is the idioms used human body parts in Indonesian and Thai Languages. This research 1) compare the meaning in idioms used human body parts 2) examines the cultural aspects, purpose and situations in which the idiomatic expressions are
Background: Idiom is figurative languages often used in daily communication. Two different languages may have the same and different meaning of Idiom. The Thai languages or Indonesian languages as a second language learned by Thais or Indonesian. Thai and Indonesian speaker found some problems to understand the idioms in both languages.
Aims: This research aims to compare the meaning of idioms used human body parts.
Methods: This research conducted using The Language Relativism Framework of Sapir-Whorf’s. There are certain thoughts of an individual in one language that cannot be understood by those who live in another language. The data collected from Thai idioms collection books and Indonesian Dictionary; Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia.
Results: The findings revealed categories of idiomatic expressions; those that 16 idioms have the same literal and real meanings, those that 20 idioms differ in real meanings but are similar in literal meanings, and those that 10 idioms differ in literal meanings but are similar in real meaning.
Conclusion: This present study indicated that there are three categories of idioms regarding the perspectives between Thai and Indonesian Culture. Where the most type of form is Phrase, some idioms indicate binomial and compound. The idioms orchestrate the expression of people in Thailand and Indonesia. The findings acknowledge that the Thai and Indonesian people use idioms on the human body part to express the human actions, characters, and thinking.
Keywords: Idiom, Human body part, Indonesian language, Thai language.
Halliday, M.A.K. 1990. Language Context, and text:aspect of language in a Social-Semiotic Perspective.Oxford University Press:Hongkong.
Jackson, Howard. 1945. Words, meaning, and vocabulary: an introduction to modern English lexicology. Great Britain by The Cromwell Press, Trowbridge.
McCharty, Michael & Felicity O’Dell.2002. English Idioms in Use. Cambridege University Press.
Jantem, T and Pujo Leksono. 2018. การศึกษาเปรียบเทียบความหมายคำว่า “ฝน” ในสำนวนภาษาไทย ภาษาเวียดนามและภาษาอินโดนีเซียA Comparative Study of the สำนวนสุภาษิต (Idioms) . Conference paper.
relating to the rain; Indonesian, Thai and Vietnamese Languages.
Lakoff, george.1980. Metaphors we Live By.The university of Chicago Press: London.
Schmitt, N.2010. Researching Vocabulary. Palgrave Macmillan: United Kingdom
Spears, Richard A. 2000. NCT’s American idioms dictionary 3rd ed. NTC Publishing Group: United States of America
Sugono, Dendy. 2008. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Edisi Keempat. PT Gramedia Pustaka: Jakarta.