THE CORECT BODY MECHANIC PRINCIPLE AND LOW BACK PAIN IN THE THIRD TRIMESTER PREGNANT WOMEN

Hany Kharisma Dewi, Sugeng Maryanto, Dewi Puspita, Agi Yulia Riadini

Abstract

Background: Low back pain is one of the inconveniences in pregnant women which normally will increase along with the increasing of gestational age because this pain is caused by the shift of the center of gravity in a woman and her posture. The good body mechanic is needed to establish the safe and comfortable daily activities during pregnancy and to prevent and reduce back pain.

Aims: This study aimed to analyze the correct body mechanic principle with low back pain complaints in the third trimester pregnant women at the work region of Kambangan health center Sub-district Lebaksiu Tegal Regency.
Method: This study used cross-sectional design. The population used in this research is pregnant women of the third trimester in the working area of Kambangan health center,Lebaksiu Sub District Tegal, population in this study as much 36 third trimester pregnant women and 24 respondents as sample. Result: There were 58.3% of the respondents who had good body mechanic, while 45.8% of the respondents experienced back pain. The bivariate analysis indicated that there was a correlation between

body mechanic and back pain in the third trimester pregnant women with the p-value of 0.011. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that the correct body mechanic principle can prevent low back pain in the third trimester pregnant women at Kambangan Health Center Lebaksiu Sub-district Tegal Regency and to reduce low back pain in pregnant women, midwives need to provide health education about the correct body mechanic during pregnancy to prevent low back pain.

Full Text:

PDF

References

George JW, Skaggs CD, Thompson PA, Nelson DM, Gavard JA, Gross GA. A randomized controlled trial comparing a multimodal intervention and standard obstetrics care for low back and pelvic pain in pregnancy. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology. 2013;208(4):295. e1-. e7.

Diane M Fraser MA. Myles Buku Ajar Bidan .Jakarta: EGC; 2009.

Carvalhoa M LLC, Terceiroa C, Pintoa D, Silva M.N , Cozera G.A, et al. Low back pain during pregnancy. Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. 2017;67(3).

Alloya A, Wahyuni MK. Beda Pengaruh Antara Senam Hamil Dengan Kompres Hangat Dan Massage Terhadap Penurunan Nyeri Punggung Bawah Pada Ibu Hamil Trimester III: Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta; 2016.

Bhardwaj A, Nagandla K. Musculoskeletal symptoms and orthopaedic complications in pregnancy: pathophysiology, diagnostic approaches and modern management. Postgraduate medical journal. 2014:postgradmedj-2013-132377.

Yan C-F, Hung Y-C, Gau M-L, Lin K-C. Effects of a stability ball exercise programme on low back pain and daily life interference during pregnancy. Midwifery. 2014;30(4):412-9.

Jodi A R, Janeta N. Sleep patterns and sleep disturbances across pregnancy. Sleep Medicine. 2015.

Pusdiknakes. Asuhan Antenatal. Jakarta: Depkes; 2003. p. 74-88

Thomas AC, K.; Nageshwar V. Effectiveness of Video Assisted Teaching Programme on Knowledge Regarding Practice of Body Mechanics among Staff Nurses in Selected Hosptals, Moradabad. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development. 2017;8(2):39-42.

Jung K, Suh S. Relationships among nursing activities, the use of body mechanics, and job stress in nurses with low back pain. Journal of muscle and joint health. 2013;20(2):141-50.

Notoatmodjo S. Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2010.

Saryono. Metodologi penelitian kesehatan: penuntun praktis bagi pemula. Yogyakarta: Mitra Cendikia Press; 2011.

Fauziah Fatmawati F, Sulastri SK, Kes M, Faizah Betty R. Upaya Pemenuhan Rasa Nyaman Pada Ibu Hamil Trimester-III

Dengan Nyeri Punggung: Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta; 2017.

Winata H. Kaitan Pemakaian Sepatu Hak Tinggi dengan Lordosis Lumbal. Jurnal Kedokteran Meditek. 2015;20(52).

Kendall JC, Bird AR, Azari MF. Foot posture, leg length discrepancy and low back pain–Their relationship and clinical management using foot orthoses–An overview. The Foot. 2014;24(2):75-80.

Wiknjosastro. Ilmu kebidanan. Jakarta: Yayasan bina pustaka sarwono prawirohardjo; 2008.

Thornburg KL, Bagby SP, Giraud GD. Maternal Adaptations to Pregnancy. Knobil and Neill's Physiology of Reproduction: Two-Volume Set: Elsevier Inc.; 2014.

Naser SSA, AlDahdooh RM. Lower Back Pain Expert System Diagnosis and Treatment. Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science Studies (JMESS). 2016;2(4):441-6.

Thabah M, Ravindran V. Musculoskeletal problems in pregnancy. Rheumatology international. 2015;35(4):581-7.

Wahyuni S RA, Nurhidayati E. Perbandingan Trancutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Dan Kinesio Taping Terhadap Penurunan Skala Nyeri Punggung Bawah Pada Ibu Hamil Trimester III Di Puskesmas Juwiring Kabupaten Klaten. Motorik Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan (Journal Of Health Science). 2016;11(23).

Kang S-W. The use of body mechanics principle, clinical-practice fatigue, and practice satisfaction of nursing students. NursingPlus Open. 2017;3:6-10.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.