ASSOCIATION OF FAMILY’S SUPPORT, ATTITUDE AND BEHAVIOR TO QUALITY OF LIFE OF PATIENT WITH DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE II

Sherly Metasari

Abstract

Background: As diabetes mellitus has become the global burden of disease, regional center Endocrinology Society of West Kalimantan found the prevalence of DM was quite high, at 11%. Lack of support, attitudes and family roles to patients with Diabetes Mellitus type II were found as the determinant factors of low quality life of patients with DM type II.

Aims: to assess the association of family’s support, attitudes and behaviors with the quality of life of patients with diabetes mellitus type II
Methods: This research was a quantitative research using correlation analytic method and cross sectional approach that emphasizes time measurement / observation of independent and dependent variable data, only once at one time. In 11-day sampling, thirty (30) patients with diabetes mellitus type II were selected from total 282 patients who visited Kitamura Pontianak Clinic, Indonesia, using a non-probability sampling (non-random sample) with consecutive sampling method. A questionnaire was employed in order to assess the level of family’s support, attitude, and behavior to quality of life of the participated patients.

Results: From total 30 selected patients, only 26.7% had good support from their family. Moreover, the majority notified their family orchestrating less attitude and behavior toward Diabetes Mellitus type II, respectively, at the percentage of 40% and 46.7%. In the other hand, only 6 patients claimed their family having either good attitude or good behavior. It is not surprising notice only 20 respondents claimed they had good quality of life, while 36.7% declared having enough quality of life, and the majority (43.3%) experienced less quality of life responding to their health. Using Rank Spearmen test, the data suggests that there were significantly positive association between family’s support, attitude, and behavior toward respondents’ life quality, with significant value less than 0.05.

Conclusions: Finding revealed among the participated patients with Diabetes Mellitus type II at Kitamura Pontianak Clinic, Indonesia, their family orchestrate low support, attitude, and behavior toward the disease. The results suggest the important role of family to the health, comfort, and happiness among the patients. Family should be active in finding information about Diabetes Mellitus, certainly in controlling blood sugar. 

Full Text:

PDF

References

Oka, Nengah Adnyana. Public health problem in Indonesia. In the National Health Analyst Academy Surakarta. Quoted 1 October 2014 in Vote Center://aaknasional.wordpress.com. 2012

Maulana, M. 2009. Know Diabetes Mellitus: Practical Guide Dealing with diabetes disease. Jogjakarta: Publisher the heart.

Yusra, A. The relationship between the support of the family with the quality of life for patients with Diabetes Mellitus type 2 in Polyclinics Disease in General Hospital Fatmawati Center Jakarta. Thesis Nursing Science Faculty of the University of Indonesia. 2011

International Diabetes Federation (IDF). One Adult in Ten Will have Diabetes by 2030. 5 the edition. Diabetes Atlas. 2009

World Health Organization. Definition and Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus and intermediate Hyperglikemia. World Health

Organization library Catalaguing in Publication Data. 2003

Wild,. S. & Green,. A. Global Prevalence of diabetes: estimates for the year 2000 and projections for 2030. Diabetes Care

: 27: 1490

Fibriana, P. L. The attitudes and behavior of the family on the Prevention of Infectious Diseases Tubercolosis. The Journal of

Nursing. 2011

Notoatmodjo, S. Education and Health Behavior. Jakarta: Rineka Copyright Notice. 2003

Hensarling, J. Development and Psychometric Testing of Hensarling's Diabetes Family Support scale installation design, a

Disssertation. The degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Graduate School of the Texa's Women's University. Accessed

http://www.proquest.com. 2009

Notoatmodjo, Soekidjo. Community Health Ilmu-Ilmu (Basic Principles) mold to 2 Jakarta: Rineka Copyright. 2003

Dharma, Kelana Kusuma. Nursing Research Methodology. Jakarta: CV Trans Info Media. 2011

Notoatmodjo, S. Standard Health Research. Jakarta: Rineka Copyright Notice. 2010

Consumption. Characteristics of adolescents and parents with body mass index (BMI). Vol 1, No 2. This 542 - 553

http://ejournals1.undip.ac.id/index.php/jkm. 2012

Karwaji. The role of the family relationship to the quality of life for patients with Diabetes Mellitus type II in the clinic

Purwokerto II North America. Nursing Journals. 2013

Heri, D. J. Health promotion. Jakarta. EGC. 2009

Skarbek, E. A. Psychological predictors of self-care behaviors in type 2 diabetes mellitus variability: Analysis of social

support, self-efficacy, and depression. Accessed on 03 June 2015 from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu. 2006

Oktaviani, WD. Relationship Habits Fast Food, physical activity, pattern 2012

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.